The World Bank: From Reluctance to a Human Rights Conscious Institution?

By Mustapha Hadji The Bretton Woods institutions have for long been criticized for putting human rights in the backseat of their priorities. The World Bank, for instance, has for many decades used the concept of “political prohibition” as a pretext to not uphold human rights. Non-interference in the political and internal affairs of a sovereign State is something that many would agree on. However, the concept of non-interference is not an absolute one and sovereignty has eroded due to the development of international law and its spread to spaces that were exclusive domains of States. Moreover, globalization and the interconnectedness it has engendered have also contributed to the erosion of sovereignty and given it a rather malleable meaning.


Gendered Violence: I Don’t Need Your Protection, Give Me Your Power!

By Federica Russo A key element to eradicating violence against women is having a focus not merely on the protection of women, but their empowerment. The goal is to transform the social perception of women from victims in need of protection, to being perceived as having power equivalent to men. The focus on the empowerment of women in relation to violence is particularly important because it addresses the basis of violence against women.


Gender Quotas in Politics: Are they Really that Bad?

By Kaloyan Kirilov The question of whether gender quotas in politics are necessary, effective or wanted is a source of a discussion between politicians, activists, academics and the general population worldwide. This conversation may be put in the context of a more general debate on the topic of gender inequality. However, by considering the most prevalent arguments for and against the use of quotas, I will seek to argue that the benefits of quotas outweigh the disadvantages, most of which are over exaggerated or simply false.


Women on Death Row: the Invisible Population

By Alice Gould Women facing the death penalty are a phenomenon that have been ignored for too long by both governments and academics. It was only at the 7th World Congress Against the Death Penalty, 18 years after the first Congress of its nature, that the particular issue of women and the death penalty was directly addressed. Whilst human rights discourse is currently going through much needed gender mainstreaming with regards to capital punishment, women remain underreported, unconsidered and invisible.


Why Formula One Drives Me Crazy

By Cassandra Bockstael F1 racing has fascinated and gathered families and friends over the past 70 years. The fastest cars, the best drivers in the world, the strategies, rivalries and passion all combine for more than two hours of intense competition. As far back as I can recall, I remember sitting with my parents in front of the TV on Sundays to watch the race. I remember the amazing cars speeding as fast as they could around the track and the incredible battles between drivers and teams to finish first. The sport inspired me as it promoted determination and cooperation to reach the top.


Photo by Andrew James

Sex-Trafficking of Native American Women and Girls

By Meredith Veit Since the “discovery” of America, the native populations of the United States have been repressed, silenced and marginalised, and the fetishized, disparaging violence against Native American women and girls remains a serious problem. Gender based violence and the selling of native women were weapons used by the colonisers, and yet, hundreds of years later, lady liberty is still leaving many of the citizens under her purview without protection, justice, or reparations.


Are we Treating Extreme Right Terrorism Differently than Islamic Terrorism?

By Tamara Siwczyk Last week the world was shocked by the terrorist attacks on two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand, which left 49 people dead and was the most lethal attack during peacetime in New Zealand’s history. Only a few days later on Monday an attack was committed in Utrecht, Netherlands, where three people were killed, and three days later the alleged gunman has been charged with terrorist intent.


Internet and Democracy: Please Wait… Loading!

By Marwa Azelmat Cyberspace is often presented as a purely non-legal domain. This view is based on a number of assumptions. The first assumption is that cyberspace is different from real spaces: its aterritorial, borderless and ubiquitous aspects differentiate it from the physical and bounded spaces that are subject to legal regulation. The second assumption is that cyberspace should remain an open, decentralised and participatory space not hampered by legal regulations.